How to Rug Hooking
and Design Your Own Pattern
Rug hooking is a relaxing craft which can easily be done
while talking to other people or just listening to the TV or radio. There
are a wide variety of kits available which are comprised of a coloured
picture stamped onto fabric with large holes, a colour chart, rug hook and
pre-cut yarn. You simply hook each length of coloured yarn into a matching
colour hole. If you are feeling creative, you might wish you could make a
rug with a specific design, sentiment, name or other ideas.
Draw your design freehand or photocopy a
picture you wish to use onto graph paper. Enlarge the picture using a
photocopier to a size which fits your block. Blocks can be small or large.
Twelve inch square blocks can be joined together to make a rug the size
you wish and they are easier to work with. Smaller blocks will require
more joining. For beginners, it would be wise to begin with a pillow top
or a rug made in squares.
Once your photocopied picture is ready, you
need to colour it and transfer it to your fabric square. You may use
burlap, canvas or monk's cloth. Be sure the fabric you purchase is
specific to rug hooking and is preshrunk. Bind the edges with wide
tape or fold and sew so they don't fray or fold and sew the edges. Trace
your picture using transfer fabric crayons; you can use a different colour
for sections. Your picture can now be used as an iron on transfer. The
colour is permanent and be reused.
I would suggest pinning your fabric to your
cloth ironing board so that it doesn't slip. Place your iron on the
picture colour side down and press with a warm iron. **It is important to
remember that your picture will be reversed. Pictures or printed words
must be backwards on your transfer in order to appear normal on the
As this fabric is not stiff, you should
consider attaching it tightly to a wooden frame with the design side up.
Use thumbtacks very 2 inches to prevent slipping.
To join squares, leave generous edge of
about 5 inches on each of the four sides of the frame. Overlap this edge
with the edge on the next block and work through this double thickness.
This is easiest to do if you use a plain colour border in between the two
one length of yarn around the latch hook. Be sure it is exactly in
the hook under one strand of fabric.
Place the two ends of the yarn under the hook and push the latch
the two ends through the loop snugly.
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