When you look at a knitting pattern and
are trying to select the size to make you have to consider many
When choosing a knitting pattern, we
tend to look first at the picture, just as we look at clothes on the
rack in a store. We have a fairly good idea of what will be flattering
and what we simply can not wear or do not like. Just as in a store, we
can be surprised when we try on our choice and see that it looks quite
different than it did on the hanger or in the picture. Of course, in a
store we simply try on something else. With knitting, it pays to be
more careful before we begin knitting.
Patterns give certain
description clues; fitted, semi-fitted, loose fitting, oversize. These
words give us an idea of the final look we will achieve. The type of
pattern we choose also gives us an idea of the finished product.
Set-in sleeves give a more tailored look; raglan or drop sleeves are
more casual. You may wish to wear a blouse or camisole underneath the
sweater. This will make it look tighter than you plan. Is it a
straight style or pinched at the waist? Are stripes vertical or
horizontal? When you look at the picture on the model, have a closer
look at each feature and analyze whether that feature is flattering to
Patterns often dictate
which yarn brand and type to use. You can substitute different yarns
but be sure to choose a yarn you are familiar with. All have different
qualities. If you choose a pattern that is fitted, you may not want a
yarn that is quite stretchy. A lightweight sweater should not be knit
with a heavy yarn.
Some patterns state
multiple sizes; Small, Medium, Large or bust/chest size in inches/cm.
Others give the Finished Measurement of the garment. By comparing
these two measurements you can determine how closely the garment fits;
how much "ease" there is. Take your bust/chest measurement and add a
number of inches to it to determine the fit.
|For a fitted
garment, add 0 inches.
|For a close fitting
garment, add 0-2 inches
|For a standard
fitting garment, add 2-4 inches.
|For a loose fitting
garment, add 4-6 inches.
For example, if the
pattern has a gauge of 10 stitches per inch and you knit a swatch that
has 11 stitches instead, the size of the finished garment will be
Each row in the pattern
knits over 300 stitches.
According to the gauge of 10 sts = 1 inch, these 300 stitches create a
width of 30 inches
(300 sts divided by 10 sts)
Your gauge knits 11 sts = 1 inch so these 300 stitches create a width
of 27 inches
(300 sts divided by 11 sts)
The size on a pattern
will give you a rough idea of the size but knitting a swatch is the
more important way to be sure of sizing.
To make your pattern
size bigger, knit a swatch, divide the number of stitches by the
pattern size and multiply it by the size you wish.
In the above example,
you would divide 30 inch width into 300 inches = 10 stitches to the
inch and then multiply it by the width you wish.
300 / 30 = 10 then by your width, eg 36 = 360
So you will require 360 stitches instead of 300 stitches to get the
width you wish.
To make your pattern
size smaller, knit a swatch, multiply the number of stitches per inch
by the width you wish.
10 x 36 = 360
You will need to adjust
increases and decreases using the same formula.
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